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Super posts as usual. The kerfing chisel is really handy, that uncut area in the half blind dovetail is always a pain. It's pretty amazing to me it does the job with a square edge, but as you said it's the thickness of the chisel that does the job. I also see you recently added a page to your website that goes into making one, very well done. 

Question about your comment on your website that Tage Frid used a piece of a bandsaw blade for this. How do he use that with no handle?

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Question about your comment on your website that Tage Frid used a piece of a bandsaw blade for this. How do he use that with no handle?

He used it in the same way as a scraper blade - removed the teeth and hammered it in.

Regards from Perth

Derek

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  • 3 weeks later...

Perhaps I need to explain the title, "Dovetailing for Blood". In part, the description comes from a book, "Backgammon for Blood", by Peter Becker I read about 4 decades ago. It's about taking the game to the most competitive level. This series of articles is not a how-to about dovetailing; it is about the strategies I use when building drawers. I offer them for discussion and your interest.

D2-1.jpg

This is the drawer in question.

In the previous article, the focus was on strategies for connecting the drawer front and drawer sides via half-blind dovetails. The aim there - and continued here - is to complete the dovetailing in such as way that the drawer may be glued up, and dry inside the drawer case. The advantage of drying inside the drawer case is that a good fit is assured.

Today the drawer back needs to be attached with through dovetails.

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For interest, here are the chisels I used: Kiyohisa slicks and Koyamaichi dovetail.

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Noticeable in the drawer above is that there are no grooves for the drawer bottom. These will now be added using a plough plane and a sticking board to hold the work...

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The drawer sides are around 7mm at this stage, with the expectation that they will end up at 6mm. The inside and outside faces have been planed. The groove is 3mm deep ...

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The groove in the 18mm thick drawer front is 6mm deep ...

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The drawer back receives a shallow groove ...

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Reason?

The drawers are designed for a tool cabinet. Unlike drawers for the home, where the backs are lowered, these drawers will have a full rear, in height, ending at the drawer bottom. We start with drawer backs exactly the same dimensions as the drawer front. The lower section needs to be removed. The top of the groove marks this position.

The waste is removed on the table saw, a smidgeon grace ...

D2-9.jpg

... and the machine marks then planed away.

It needs to be stated that drawers are not the same as boxes. While they may both be dovetailed, the drawer width is determined by width of the drawer case. It cannot be larger or be smaller. The drawer front and back are made as a pair, and their dimensions are not permitted to be altered.

With boxes, one can leave dovetails proud, and then level them to the sides. Or one may level the sides to the dovetails. You cannot do this with drawers, especially if the game plan is to aim for the glued up drawer drying in the drawer case. Consequently, the dovetails must end up flush with the surface ....

D2-10.jpg

We move over to dovetailing the rear:

The first step, with 6 drawers of the same height and width, is to make a template for the spacing of the dovetails.

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While the template stretches across the board, the area of importance is above the drawer bottom.

Mark out the tails, as usual, but then flip the board so that you are sawing from the inside of the drawer ...

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Again, this is not a box. The inside of a drawer is seen, and it is important to keep the baseline as clean as possible, that is, no over-sawing.

Similarly, when removing the waste with a chisel, start with the outside face of the drawer, and finish with the inside. That way there is less danger of inadvertently chiseling over the baseline.

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Now ... the interesting part comes with transferring tails to pins. This can make-or-break the drawer.

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Here we see the tail and pin boards aligned. But are they?

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A square shows that the side is out at least 1-2mm at 300mm (12").

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Left like this, the drawer will not sit flat. It will act as if it has a twist. Significant efforts will need to be made to align the drawer in the case. It becomes essential that the side is aligned accurately. This can be a little fiddly, but a long square helps considerably ...

D2-16.jpg

At some point, someone will mention the side-alignment fixture designed by David Barron. This is a wonderful concept, however it excels at making boxes and not drawers. Look here ...

The tail and pin boards are not aligned at the square ends (which would enable David's fixture to be used). They are aligned on the reference side, which is the lower edge of the drawer sides. You are aligning from the left side of these boards ...

D2-19.jpg

Having transferred and sawn the tails, the bulk of the waste is removed with a fretsaw (as detailed before). Here is a reminder - first chop out the waste from the outside face, half way down ...

D2-22A.jpg

... and then complete from the show-inside face.

My preference is to angle the chisel slightly away and create a "tent" ...

D2-22B.jpg

This is then removed with a slicing paring action, again form each side to the centre ...

D2-22c.jpg

Use a narrow chisel to pare the ends: having first sawn these away, the remnants for paring lie above the chisel walls (again discussed in a previous article) ..

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This is what we are after: flat ...

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Dry fit ...

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The drawer must fit the drawer case ...

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It does, but we are not finished. More in a while ..

Regards from Perth

Derek

 
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